Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of concerns

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  • 2018-07-10

Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of concerns

Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of concerns

It’s important to tell apart interviews as a technique of collecting interviewing and information as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two different ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness associated with event,
  • working together with papers, where in actuality the document means any material provider texts that are containing images.

Kinds of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are split into:

  • genre (for planning of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them within the text).

The reportage interview was discussed into the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative shall find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is interview being a genre, as being a means of text formatting in the shape of concerns from a interviewer additionally the responses associated with interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the number of concerns associated with the researcher is minimized (sometimes they are not any after all), at the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not merely asks questions, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, suggests in regards to the exact same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion could be carried out by way of a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so that the viewpoint with this journalist was additionally interesting to readers, once the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks the maximum amount of or more in a job interview being an interlocutor, that is a indication of inadequate certification.

Forms of interviews with respect to the subject. Subject interview

With regards to the topic, you can find three kinds of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the interview that is subject their state of things in every field of activity. Usually that is a job interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to the journalist just as much as he’s linked to this continuing situation. For instance, a police informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. The physician describes how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The economic consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis are going to be from the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on problems that deviate through the interview topic, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The structure of this interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s connection with this issue. Then there is a parsing associated with the topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical recommendations to visitors.

The hero associated with the interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in the case. It is a given information interview, one of several news genres. The job of this journalist would be to learn whenever possible the information and information on exactly what happened. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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